#Improve Competitive English #



IMPROVE COMPETITIVE ENGLISH (S.S.C./BANK/DSSSB/NDA/CDS/RAILWAYS)
BY BRILLIANT ACADEMY OF LEARNING
QUERY 1
1. What is the difference between ACCUSED and CHARGED and how to  use it in sentences . for example ...
The boy was -------- of cheating in examination.
2. I got used -------- on the right when I was in the US for 2 years.
1) to drive 2) to driving
3. Its high time you -------- to a decision.
1. Come 2) came
4. -------- you work hard, you won't be able to clear even the preliminaries.
1 If 2 Until 3 Unless
5. Please tell the article require or not in
PLEASE HELP ME CLEAN MY -------- APARTMENT.
N.M. MISHRA
1. the word ACCUSE is followed by the preposition 'of' whereas CHARGE by 'with' or without anything. Therefore THE BOY WAS ACCUSED OF CHEATING IN EXAMINATION is correct.
2. TO DRIVING (option '2'). USED TO=any past habit. Means something happened in the past continuously or frequently during a period in the past, e.g. I used to smoke. (But don't do it now.)
But USED TO DOING is used to talk about something that you are familiar with so that it no longer seems new or strange to you. So I GOT USED TO DRIVING is correct here.
3. IT IS TIME can be used in two ways----
a) It can be followed by the infinitive (First form of the verb preceded by 'TO' or without 'TO'; like in IT'S TIME TO START. Or by 'for + object + infinitive'; like in IT'S TIME FOR US TO START. In both these uses we mean CORRECT TIME HAS ARRIVED TO DO SOMETHING.
b) It can be followed by a subject + past subjunctive (unreal past). When it's used like this it implies that it's a little late; and therefore the subject would have started doing what's required. Hence the past 'came' here is correct. Sometimes the word 'high' is added to emphasize the idea. One more example----IT'S HIGH TIME WE LEFT.
4. Negative word is needed here, hence "UNLESS (option '3') is correct
5. Immediately after possessive case of noun or pronoun we cannot use an article. So no article.
N.M. MISHRA
QUERY 2
1) I complimented him -------- his success in the examination.
2) He is indifferent -------- praise and blame alike.
a) in b) to c) for d) about
3) It is -------- if we can organize another exam this month.
a) unlikely b) doubtful
4) The victories of peace are more -------- and useful to humanity than the so called victories of war.
a) Lasting b) Everlasting
5) Having come -------- age his son entered into partnership with him.
a) off b) of c) to c) by
N.M. MISHRA
1. ON is right. COMPLIMENT SB ON STH=to tell sb that you like or admire sth that they have done: SHE COMPLIMENTED HIM ON HIS EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE.
2. Option 'b' (to). INDIFFERENT TO SB/STH=having or showing no interest in sb/sth: THE GOVERNMENT CANNOT AFFORD TO BE INDIFFERENT TO PUBLIC OPINION. ALIKE=in a very similar way. Uska praise aur blame dono mein samaan roop se koi interest nahin h.
3. DOUBTFUL is right. Both the words mean NOT PROBABLE in one sense. But if the second clause begins with the word IF, we use DOUBTFUL; not LIKELY.
4. LASTING is correct here. Everlasting=continuing for ever; never changing. Is 'more' possible with a word giving such meaning? NO! Look at the sentence; 'MORE' is there just before the blank.
5. Option 'b' (of) is correct. When a person COMES OF AGE, he reaches the age when he has an adult's legal rights and responsibilities. BADA (adult) hone par uska son business mein uska partner ban gaya.
BRILLIANT ACADEMY OF LEARNING
QUERY 3
1. He will win the race if he -------- running regularly
a) practices b) would practise c) will practise d) will be practised
2. Of late the number of literates -------- gone up.
1. is 2. had 3. have 4. has
3. The examination will begin -------- Monday. 
1) on 2) from
4. Rajesh has come up -------- a problem.
A. to B. for C. against D. into
5. We waited at the bus stop -------- the bus came.
A. till B. while C. until D.Unless
N.M. MISHRA
1. PRACTICES (option 'a'). If the verb in the main clause is in future; simple present tense form is used in the IF-CLAUSE.
2. HAS (option '4'). With a majority of, the majority of, a number of, a lot of, plenty of, all (of), or some (of), + plural noun we use a plural verb. But with 'the number of' we use a singular verb. OF LATE suggests the tense should be the present. Because the main verb (GONE UP) is in 3rd form we can use only a form of HAVE as helping verb.
EXAMPLES: 
a) A number of refugees have been turned back at the border.
b) The number of books in the library has risen to over fifty thousand.
3. ON is correct.
4. COME UP AGAINST (option 'C') is right . It means TO BE FACED WITH OR OPPOSED BY sb/sth.
5. UNTIL (option 'C)' is correct. Till is also correct but it's used informally. In standard English the formal version is used. We can't use UNLESS here as we need a time expression.
QUERY 4
1. I have done my muddled but -------- honest best.
A. never the less B. rather C. none the less
2. Every man craves -------- recognition. 
A. for B. about C. at D. after..
3. His conduct is bad, and his honesty is not -------- suspicion.
A. in B. beyond C. under D. above
4, The inspector must enquire -------- the complaint.
A. of B. into
5. Help yourself -------- whatever you can use without wasting.
A. with B. to C. in D. for
N.M. MISHRA
1. Muddle=Confused mind. Here muddled is the adjective of MUDDLE and therefore is wrong to use as a noun must be there after MY. So the word MUDDLE is needed here; means I have used all my thinking power. Here option 'B' (rather) is correct.
The word RATHER, in one of its uses, is used to introduce an idea that is different to the idea that you have stated previously; like in THE WALLS WERE NOT WHITE, BUT RATHER A SORT OF DIRTY GRAY. Nevertheless and nonetheless are synonyms which means DESPITE OF STH.
2. FOR (option 'A') is correct. CRAVE FOR sth=to have a very strong desire for sth.
3. Above suspicion & beyond suspicion are the same thing. Maybe the answer options need an improvement.
4. The phrasal verb is ENQUIRE INTO; Option 'B' is correct.
5. TO (option 'B') is correct. When we have to help sb/sth we use WITH. When we have to take help we use TO.
N.M. MISHRA
QUERY 5
1. There -------- both the challenge and the secret of success.
A. lie B. lay C. lied D. laid
2. Let's make -------- our quarrel and be friends again.
A. up B. off C. out D. with
3. You must remember this lesson word -------- word.
A. by B. for
4. VINAY DOES NOT PLAY CRICKET, AND -------- DOES YESHWANT.
A) so B) also C) either D) neither
5. Gandhiji will -------- in history as one of the greatest men that ever lived.
A. go by B. go on C. go down D. to through.
N.M. MISHRA
1. LIE (option 'A'). When LIE & LAY have the same meanings, LIE is used without an object whereas LAY is used with an object. As in the above sentence BOTH THE CHALLENGE AND THE SECRET OF SUCCESS is the subject (the word THERE has been used as an artificial subject), means no object is there, the verb LIE is correct. Unless the context is specific the present tense should be used.
Carefully distinguish between the verbs lay and lie. The verb lay is transitive and therefore, is always followed by an object; the verb lie is intransitive and therefore, cannot have an object.
1. The boy lay (IInd form of LIE) in the shelter for a long time before somebody came to rescue him. -----INTRANSITIVE
2. Let me lie here. (Ist form of LIE)----INTRANSITIVE
3. He lay (IInd form of LIE) under that pipal tree. ----INTRANSITIVE
4. Lay (Ist form of LAY) the child down to sleep. ----TRANSITIVE
5. I laid (IInd form of LAY) the book on the table. ----TRANSITIVE
6. The hen has laid (IInd form of LAY) an egg. ----TRANSITIVE
2. UP (option 'A') is correct. MAKE UP is a phrasal verb which means TO END A DISAGREEMENT WITH sb AND BECOME FRIENDS AGAIN. Note this: Has he made it up with her?
3. FOR (option 'B') is correct. WORD BY WORD is system according to which words are arranged in a sequence; means ALPHABETICALLY. But when something has to be copied, either orally or otherwise, we use WORD FOR WORD.
4. D (Neither) This sentence is a case of negative addition to a negative remark. Negative additions to negative remarks are made with NEITHER/NOR + AUXILIARY + SUBJECT:
Mohan never goes to concerts, neither/nor does his wife.
Ritu hasn't any spare time, neither/nor have I.
OR these additions can also be made with SUBJECT + NEGATIVE AUXILIARY + EITHER:
He did'nt like the book, I didn't either.
They don't mind the noise, we don't either.
In the given sentence the subject of the addition is at the end, so NEITHER is correct. NOR also is correct but it's not in the answer options.
5. Go down (option 'C') is correct. GO DOWN (in sth)=to be written in sth; to be recorded or remembered in sth. GO ON have many meanings, plz consult a good dictionary.
N.M. MISHRA
QUERY 6
1. He has resigned himself------------fate.
A. in B. into C. for D. to
2. He------------wants to succeed in life must be prepared to work hard.
a) whoever b) whom c) who d) whose
3. Men------------are thinkers look for fates.
a) who b) that c) which d) those
4. _ you wake me up so early on a Sunday ?
A. Could B. Dare C. Must D. Will
5. He was sorry------------late last night.
a) about coming b) to come c) to coming d) from coming
BRILLIANT ACADEMY OF LEARNING
1. TO (option 'D') is correct. RESIGN YOURSELF TO STH=to accept sth unpleasant that cannot be changed or avoided. Note this: SHE RESIGNED HERSELF TO HER FATE.
2. WHO (option 'c'). If we see the answer options we need a subjective relative pronoun (a word which can be used as a subject) here. Obviously two such words are there in your example: WHOEVER and WHO. But WHOEVER is not possible in this sentence as this word itself includes HE in it. WHOEVER=The one who/he who/she who.
So option 'c' WHO is right. If HE was not there in the sentence WHOEVER would have been correct. WHOEVER WANTS TO SUCCEED IN LIFE MUST BE PREPARED TO WORK HARD. Look, the word HE has not been used here in this example.
3. WHO (option 'a). THAT as a relative pronoun for persons is used only in informal English, so WHO is correct. THOSE IS NOT A RELATIVE PRONOUN; SO CANT BE USED HERE.
4. DARE (option 'B'). Use of the phrase SO EARLY in the sentence is making it clear that this sentence is not a request...........so 'A' & ' D' both are impossible. This is not an order also............so 'C' too is impossible. DARE (option 'B)' is correct...........means CAN YOU BE BRAVE ENOUGH TO WAKE ME UP SO EARLY ON A SUNDAY?
5. ABOUT COMING (option 'a'). BE SORRY ABOUT/FOR + GERUND (verb+ing) is used for apology/regret. The context here says that the person in the subject of the sentence (here HE) wanted to apologize.
BE SORRY + INFINITIVE (first form of the verb) is chiefly used to sympathize; so option 'b' TO COME is not possible here.
BRILLIANT ACADEMY OF LEARNING
QUERY 7
1. He _ his living by hard work.
A earns B wins C creates D ables
2. Bread is usually made _ wheat.
A of B from C with D by
3. Did the child _ from the chair ?
A fell B fallen C falling D fall
4. Do you __ to see my collection ?
A cared B like C want D got
5 After initial setback, all _ programmes were successful due to the initiative of the new dynamic team.
A consequent B subsequently C consequently D subsequent
N.M. MISHRA
1. Option 'A' (EARNS) is correct. Here LIVING=money to buy the things that you need in life. Obviously EARNS is the correct word to use here.
2. Option 'B' (FROM) is correct.. The word OF is used when the form of the thing in the object remains the same (physical change); as THIS TABLE IS MADE OF WOOD. Here the object is WOOD, but when it was formed in a table the form of wood does not change; it remains wood still. The word FROM is used when there is change of form (chemical change), as CURD IS MADE FROM MILK.
3. Option 'D' (FALL) is correct. DID is the helping verb here; it always takes first form of the verb; so FALL the correct word here.
4. Option 'C' (WANT) is correct. WANT = to desire. The verb LIKE is used when something is enjoyed being watched etc, and its use is in general sense; as I LIKE TO SEE MOVIES. But here the context is not like that, rather it's a one time desire, so WANT is correct.
5. Option 'D' (SUBSEQUENT) is correct. SUBSEQUENT = happening or coming after something else. CONSEQUENT = happening as a result.
BRILLIANT ACADEMY OF LEARNING
QUERY 8
1. He seemed most amenable ........ my idea.
a) with b) to c) for
2. It would be a good idea if you ........ his permission first.
a) get b) got c) have got d) will get
3. Pythons have horny claw-like spurs, which are present ........ either side of the anus.
a) ON b) IN
4. The deadline was nearby , so Mrs. Sweth had her students ........ their essay.
a) complete b) to complete c) completing d) completed
5. Lokesh was busy when we -------- to see him.
A) go B) went C) gone D) goes
N.M. MISHRA
1. TO (option 'b'). AMENABLE is followed by TO, not WITH or FOR or any other preposition.
2. GOT (option 'b'). If the verb in the main clause is in the PAST SIMPLE conditional (here WOULD BE), the verb in the main clause is in the SIMPLE PAST TENSE. So GOT is correct.
3. ON (option 'a'). Here we are talking the SIDES of the ANUS, not the ANUS itself. Any side of a thing is a surface, and therefore two-dimensional, so ON is correct.
Had it been the ANUS itself, the correct word would have been IN as the ANUS is three-dimensional.
4. COMPLETE (option 'a'). When the structure is like HAVE+OBJECT (here HAD+HER STUDENTS); HAVE is a main verb and not a helping herb and the third form of the verb is not always necessary like it always happens when HAVE is a helping verb; and this structure is used when we mean TO GET A WORK DONE/COMPLETED.
When used like this the object can follow two types of verbs namely either the third form of it or the first form itself depending on the meaning we want to convey.
When we mean someone is employed to perform one's own task or anybody other's task we use the third form. When we mean a task is of the person by whom we get it done/performed we use the first form. In the given sentence they were students whose task it was, so the first form i.e. COMPLETE (option 'a') is right.
NOTE: HAVE + OBJECT + VERB (ing) is also possible but then the meaning is entirely different.
5. WENT (option 'B'). This sentence has two clauses LOKESH WAS BUSY and WHEN------TO SEE HIM. The second clause has the time expression WHEN, so it must be in past as the first clause in past. Therefore options 'A' and 'D' both not possible as they refer to present. Option 'C' also is not possible as it's the verb in 3rd form; and 3rd form of verb can't stand alone, means it must have a helping verb. So WENT (option 'B') only is possible.
BRILLIANT ACADEMY OF LEARNING
QUERY 9
1.We got a letter not long ........
(a) afterwards (b)after ©off (d)about
2. ........ you hear the president's speech?
(a) have (b) has © had (d) did`
3. Your criteria ........ not valid.
a) is b) are)
4. Was it ........ you were talking about. 
a) she b) her
5. The news was ........ good to be true. 
a) very b) too c) so d) as
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1. AFTERWARDS (option 'a'). AFTER if it's a preposition in the sentence must be followed by a noun, pronoun or gerund (VERB + ING):
1. Don't bathe immediately AFTER A MEAL/AFTER EATING.
2. Don't have a meal and bathe immediately AFTER IT.
If we do not wish to use a noun, pronoun or gerund, we cannot use AFTER, but must use AFTERWARDS or THEN:
1. Don't have a meal and bathe immediately AFTERWARDS.
2. They bathed and AFTERWARDS played games. OR
They bathed and played games AFTERWARDS. OR
They bathed and THEN played games.
AFTERWARDS can be used at EITHER END of the sentence and can be modified by SOON, IMMEDIATELY, NOT LONG etc:
1. SOON AFTERWARDS we got a letter.
2. We got a letter NOT LONG AFTERWARDS.
2. DID (option 'd'). The main verb in the sentence is HEAR, and of course a helping verb is needed. The rest of the helping verbs must have third form of the verb, but HEAR is the first form. So option 'd' is correct. DID when it's a helping verb, always takes first form of the main verb.
3. ARE (option 'b'). CRITERIA is plural of CRITERION and takes a plural verb, hence ARE is correct.
4. SHE (option 'a'). SHE is correct as it's modified by a defining clause 'you were talking about', WHOM before it being missed as it's understood.
5. TOO (option 'b'). Usage of TOO + ADJECTIVE/ADVERB + TO means MORE THAN ENOUGH. Means The news was so good that it was very hard/sensible to believe that it was true.
NOTE: We use VERY when we mean TO A HIGH DEGREE. Here it's not possible. The description is too long to say, so plz consult any good book for other given words.
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QUERY 10
1. I will be here ........ Thursday and Friday.
A. During B. for C. until D. after
n.m.mishra
DURING (option A'). DURING is used with known periods of time, i.e. periods known by NAME or periods which have already been defined, such as Deepawali, January (names); summer, childhood, holidays (periods that are defined as per the context).
FOR too can be used for defined periods, but then it must indicate any purpose).
See these examples:
1. You will get plenty of practical experience DURING the training period. (TRAINING PERIOD is defined, means specific days)
2. About ten of us were taken ill DURING a party we were at in Mumbai. (PARTY is defined you can understand)
3. You can come in only FOR a few minutes. (Nothing is defined)
4. I fell ill FOR a couple of days. (Nothing is defined)
USE OF FOR when a period is defined:
I rented a house FOR my holidays. 
Here HOLIDAYS is defined, but you can see this period was used as a purpose, means I rented the house for the purpose of spending of my holidays; hence use of FOR.
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QUERY 11
1. She couldn't sleep because she'd drunk _ coffee.
A) enough B) too C) too much D) too many
2. It was __ without them trying to make things worse.
A) hard enough B) enough hard C) too much hard
3. I'd had __ of their fighting. 
A) enough B) too C) too many
4. It's ____for us to walk there. 
A) too near B) enough near C) near enough
5. She -------- college late that day.
A) was reaching B) reaching C) is reached D) reached
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1. TOO MUCH (option 'C'). TOO is an adverb and is used before adjectives or another adverbs to say that sth is more than good, necessary, possible, etc. Here the meaning is SHE HAD DRUNK MORE THAN NECESSARY COFFEE THAT SHE FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO SLEEP. Obviously the adjective MUCH should precede the noun COFFEE to convey the idea of the quantity. Hence TOO MUCH is our answer.
2. HARD ENOUGH (option 'A'). ENOUGH can be used as a determiner, pronoun or adverb. Here it's as an adverb describing the adjective HARD. When an adverb ENOUGH it's used after the word it describes. Hence HARD ENOUGH is correct. ENOUGH = to the necessary degree.
3. ENOUGH (option 'A'). HAVE HAD ENOUGH (OF STH/SB) is an idiom; it's used when sb is annoying you and you no longer want to do.
4. NEAR ENOUGH (option 'C'). When the meaning is not negative the construction ADJECTIVE + ENOUGH + INFINITIVE is used; not TOO + ADJECTIVE + INFINITIVE. Hence NEAR ENOUGH is our answer.
5. REACHED (option 'D'). Time expression THAT DAY is there in the sentence, and the context says we are talking about a finished action; so past simple (REACHED) only is possible.
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QUERY 12
1. I don't like ____salt in my food.
A) much too B) too much
2. There were__ people there. 
A) too much B) too many
3. It cost __ to buy.
A) too many B) too much C) money enough
4. The government didn't have __ to pass the law.
A) enough support B) too much support C) too support
5. The school annual sports day is postponed and it would now_____on the 14 of next month.
A) being held B) be held C) to be held D) been held
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1. TOO MUCH (option 'B'). TOO always comes before the adjective; not after.
2. TOO MANY (option 'B'). MUCH is used before uncountable nouns and MANY with countable ones. PEOPLE is a countable noun, so MANY PEOPLE is our answer.
3, TOO MUCH (option 'B'). When the meaning is negative TOO + ADJECTIVE + INFINITIVE is used in addition to other such uses of TOO.
4. ENOUGH SUPPORT (option 'A'). SUPPORT is a noun, and if ENOUGH is needed to be used it comes before the noun unlike the adverbs where it comes after them.
5. BE HELD (option 'B'. WOULD like all other modal verbs always is followed by the first form of the verb or helping verb as the case may be. Among all the options only BE is first form of the verb.
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QUERY 13 (CGL-13 Tier-II)
1. Students of St. Xavier's -------- all the prizes.
(A) bear of (B) bore away © bore on (D) bear on
2. With danger -------- the door, you cannot sit idle.
(A) at (B) in © of (D) near
3. My servant -------- with all my money.
(A) have escaped (B) was run away © has run off (D) running away
4. The driver was -------- injured; he died within an hour.
(A) significantly (B) fatally © fatefully (D) vitally
5. Lata Mangeshkar was -------- with a natural talent for music.
(A) given (B) found © endowed (D) entrusted
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1. BORE AWAY (option 'B'). BEAR AWAY = to win
2. AT (option 'A')
3. HAS RUN OFF (option 'C'). RUN OFF WITH SOMETHING = to steal something and take it away.
4. FATALLY (option 'B'). FATAL = causing or ending in death: e.g. FATAL ACCIDENT/BLOW/ILLNESS. Here we need the adverb form; therefore it will be FATALLY.
5. ENDOWED (option 'C'). BE ENDOWED WITH STH is a phrasal verb which means to naturally have a particular feature, quality, etc.
ENDOW STH = to give a large sum of money to a school, a college or another institution to provide it with an income.
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QUERY 14
1. When I pointed my camera -------- the baby, she began to cry. 
A) at B) on C) towards
2. Lemons are sold--------the dozen in the market.
A) in B) at C) for D) by
3. The first World War took place--------1914 and 1918.
a) between b) within c) during d) from
4. My mother is worried about my father's health and--------.
a) also I am b) so am I c) I also (d) also I
5. The sun -------- brightly.
A. shone B. shining C. shine D. is shine
N.M. MISHRA
1. AT (option 'A'). Point something (at somebody/something) = to aim something at somebody/something; e.g.
i) He pointed the gun at her head.
ii) A hundred camera lenses were being pointed at her.
POINT TOWARDS = to stretch out your finger or something held in your hand towards somebody/something in order to show somebody where a person or thing is.
2. BY (option 'D'). BY THE DOZEN = in groups of 12; e.g. Eggs are normally sold by the dozen. 
OR
BY THE DOZEN = If something is being produced by the dozen, large numbers of that thing are being produced; e.g. The government is producing new policies by the dozen. 
OR
BY THE DOZEN = In large numbers; e.g. He would sit all day in the dark watching videos by the dozen.
BUT
BY THE DOZENS = many; by some fairly large, indefinite number, but implying less than hundreds; e.g. i) Just then people began showing up by the dozens. ii) I baked cookies and pies by the dozens for the charity bake sale.
3. BETWEEN (option 'a'). When two persons or things are joined by AND, we use the preposition BETWEEN; not any other.
NOTE: BETWEEN normally relates a person/thing (here 'The first World War') to two other people/things (here 1924 and 1918), but it can be used of more than two when we have a definite number in mind; e'g. Luxembourg lies between Belgium, Germany and France.
You can't use AMONG above as AMONG relates a person/thing to more tan two others; normally we have no definite number in mind; e.g. 
i) He was happy to be among friends again.
ii) Our village is among the hills.
4. SO AM I (option 'b'). The given sentence is an example of ADDITIONS TO REMARKS,. Here the first clause MY MOTHER IS WORRIED ABOUT MY FATHER'S HEALTH is a remark, to which something needs to be added (one of the answer options).
We see the remark here, i.e. the first clause is affirmative, and we have to add something affirmative itself as all the options are affirmative. Affirmative additions to affirmative remarks can be made in two ways. i) SUBJECT + HELPING VERB + TOO/ALSO. Or ii) SO + HELPING HERB + SUBJECT.
Therefore it can be either I AM TOO/ALSO or SO AM I. But the first one is not among answer options, therefore SO AM I only is the correct answer.
5. SHONE (option 'A'). Option 'C' SHINE is ruled out as the subject THE SUN is in singular; therefore first form of the verb must take 's' or 'es'. Option 'B' SHINING is also ruled out as the verb with ING always takes a helping verb'. Option 'D' IS SHINE can't also be right as the helping verb IS always by the verb with ING or the 3rd form. Only SHONE (option 'A') is possible.
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QUERY 15
1. She -------- yet.
A) has not come B) did not come
2. There is no enmity between -------- and --------.
A) he, I B) him, me C) he, me
3. Many people reported -------- a noise in the night.
A) to hear B) having heard C) to have heard D) been hearing
4. He is the best singer -------- was awarded by the Prime minister. 
A) which B) who C) whose D) that
5. I live -------- Defence enclave -------- New Delhi.
I -------- (live) here for 20 years.
A) in, in, lives B) in, at, lived C) at, in, have lived D) at, at, living
n.m. mishra
1. HAS NOT COME (option 'A'). Time adverbs (here YET) that connect the past to the present are used with the present perfect; not simple past. Some of these expressions are: JUST, LATELY, ALREADY, SINCE, SO FAR, STILL, UP TO NOW.
YET means 'up to the time of speaking'; means the present time included.
EXAMPLES:
i) He HAS NOT FINISHED his breakfast YET. (not DID NOT FINISH)
ii) He HAS NOT APPLIED for the job YET. (not DID NOT APPLY)
iii) She HAS JUST GONE to sleep. (not WENT)
2. HIM, ME (option 'B'). BETWEEN is a preposition; and after a preposition objective form of a pronoun is used.
3. TO HAVE HEARD (option 'C'). If the action of the infinitive happens before the time of the main verb (here REPORTED), we use perfect infinitive (TO + HAVE + IIIrd VERB); not the simple infinitive (TO + Ist VERB)
4. THAT (option 'D'). Superlative degree always takes THAT; not WHO.
5. AT, IN, HAVE LIVED (option 'C'). For smaller places we use AT (not IN) and for bigger we use IN. In prefect tense FOR + TIME EXPRESSION can be used; it then means the present time included.
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QUERY 16
1. I met him only a week -------- .
A) back B) past C) ago D) before
2. The majority -------- a new alternative to the existing government.
A) want B) wants
3. This sweet is made ------ milk. 
A) of B) from C) with D) by E) up
4. 50% of the mangoes ------ rotten.
A) was B) were
5. I ------ not seen him since he was in the hospital.
A) have B) had
n.m. mishra
1. AGO (option 'D'). If the sentence is in past simple, we use AGO after time expression (here WEEK); but BEFORE is used after time expression
if the tense is past perfect tense. But here it's past simple (met).
2. Both options are correct. When THE MAJORITY alone is the subject of a sentence we can use any of the verb forms i.e. singular or plural. But after THE MAJORITY OF the verb is always plural; here noun after THE MAJORITY OF is also plural; e.g. THE MAJORITY OF TOURISTS. WERE TIRED.
3. FROM (option 'B). The word OF is used when the form of the thing in the object remains the same (physical change); as THIS TABLE IS MADE OF WOOD. Here the object is WOOD, but when it was formed in a table the form of wood does not change; it remains wood still. The word FROM is used when there is change of form (chemical change), as CURD IS MADE FROM MILK.
4. WERE (option 'B'). When % refers to a plural noun; the verb is plural.
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5. HAVE (option 'A'). When SINCE-clause connects the past to the present, is often used with the present perfect (not the past perfect); means when since refers to talk about a period that started at some point in the past and continues until the present time we use the present perfect generally; but not the past perfect ever in this situation.
In a sentence which includes a since-clause, the usual pattern is: since-clause in the past simple, and the main clause in the present perfect. In the sentence above HIS BEING IN THE HOSPITAL is a past point; and action in the main clause i.e. NOT TO SEE is still in continence. So PRESENT PERFECT TENSE here.
NOTE: Similarly the PAST PERFECT too can be used in the main clause when action in main-clause refers to a past point; e.g. He wondered where Seema was. He HAD NOT SEEN her since they quarreled. (here the action of the main clause i.e. NOT TO SEE is not in continuance; rather it ended at point in the past.
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QUERY 17
1. He writes ------ pencil. 
A) to B) of C) with D) in
2. He died -- grief. 
A) of B) with C) from D) by E) for
3. I -- to him for the past month.
A) have not spoken B) had not spoken
4. I enjoyed -- them again.
A) seeing B) to see
5. She was dressed -- the occasion.
A) for B) on
N.M. MISHRA
1. IN (option 'D'). PENCIL is both countable and uncountable. When it's countable it means the instrument with what one writes, and is preceded by an article; WITH is used when one writes. But when uncountable it means THE SUBSTANCE used as a medium for writing or drawing; and does not take an article; IN is used when one writes . In the sentence above there is no article, so it will be IN.
Now see it: PEN is countable only and INK, the substance in it. Therefore we cannot write HE WRITES IN PEN, we should say HE WRITES WITH A PEN. But if we are talking the substance used in the pen, we write HE WRITES IN INK.
2. FROM (option 'C'). When it's a decease we say DIE OF; such as, HE DIED OF CANCER. But GRIEF itself is not a decease; rather it's a cause of of one or more deceases. It will be DIED FROM.
3. HAVE NOT SPOKEN (option 'A'). We don't use FOR + TIME in the past perfect. It's considered to be an action beginning at some time in the past and continuing up to the present moment. So present perfect tense will be used.
4. SEEING (option 'A'). The verb always takes a noun, pronoun or gerund (ing+verb); not infinitive.
5. FOR (option 'A'). For purpose we use FOR; not ON. Here it's purpose. If you'll use ON, it will mean that on other times she is without wearing any dress.
N.M. MISHRA
QUERY 18
1. He cast a slur -- me.
A) on B) for C) to
2. He ate three --.
A) breads B) pieces of bread C) piece of breads
3. -- I would have been able to read for a while before bed time .
A) If the room was brighter B) If the room are brighter
C) Had the room been brighter D) If the room had been brighter
4. He is -- glad to see me.
A) too B) very
5. The temple is built of --.
A) brick B) bricks
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1. ON (option 'A'). SLUR ON SOMEBODY/SOMETHING = an unfair remark about somebody/something that may damage other people's opinion of them. about
2. PIECES OF BREAD (option 'B'). BREAD is an uncountable noun, so you can't make its plural. Also THREE is plural, it will be PIECES.
3. Options 'C' and 'D' are correct. This is type-III conditional in which if verb in the main-clause is perfect conditional (here WOULD HAVE BEEN), the verb in the if-clause is the past perfect tense. HAD can take place of IF in formal English; so both the options are correct.
4. VERY (option 'B'. TOO............to construction is used for negative ideas. When we talk something with TO A HIGH DEGREE we use VERY.
5. BRICK (option 'A'). BRICK is both countable and uncountable noun. When we use it as MATERIAL OF COMPOSITION we use it as uncountable noun.
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QUERY 19
1. Herbert was -- a poet of religion. He explains in his poems God's ways to man.
A) out and out B) many C) part and parcel D) first and foremost
2. Wine is made from --.
A) grape B) grapes
N.M. MISHRA
1. FIRST AND FOREMOST (option 'D'). OUT AND OUT is an 
adjective which is used before nouns; in the given sentence it's not possible at all as the noun POET is already preceded with an article.
PART AND PARCEL means essential part of something; this also is'nt giving any sense here. FIRST AND FOREMOST = more than
anything else. It's good here of course. See this example: He does a little teaching, but first and foremost he's a writer.
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