Must for every General competitions aspirant (Updated on 24th April 2020 by NM Mishra)

1. Brahma Samaj was founded in 1828 by Raja Ram Mohan Roy. Due to his efforts Sati pratha was abolished during the period of Governor general Lord William Bentick in 1829. Raja Ram Mohan Roy is considered greatest Indian of 19th century.
2. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great Sanskrit Scholar . Due to his efforts Hindu Widow Remarriage Act was passed in 1855 during the period of Governor general Lord Dalhousie.
3. Arya Samaj was founded by Swamy Dayanand Saraswati in 1875. His Satyarth prakash is considered Bible for followers of Arya Samaj. His followers established many schools,colleges,Ashrams,Hospitals.
DAV(Dayanand Anglo Vedic ) Schools are their great contributions.
4. Prathana Samaj was founded in 1867 by Atma Ram Pandurang.
5.  Ramkrishna mission was founded by Swamy Vivekananda (Disciple of Ram Krishna Paramhansa ,Priest of Dakshineswar Kali, Kolkata) in 1896- 1897 at Belur , Kolkata. In 1893 he brilliantly delivered a lecture on Hinduism in Parliament of Religions held in Chicago,USA. Ramkrishna Mission runs many Schools, Hospitals, Ashrams .
6. Satya Sodhak Samaj was founded by Jyoti Ba Phule. He fought against exploitation of Lower Castes . He wrote a book named Gulamgiri.His wife Savitri Bai Phule started first Kanya School(Girls School) in South India.
7.E.V Ramaswamy Naicker  established Self Respect Movement. He fought against exploitation of Lower Castes.
8. BR Ambedkar established All India Depressed classes Society. He was born in Mahar Caste in Madhya Pradesh. He is called architect of Indian Constitution. He fought life long for political & Social rights of Untouhables & Lower Castes.
9. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan founded Anglo Mohammedan Oriental College (Later called Aligarh Muslim University).
10. Gopal Krishna Gokhale founded Servants of India Society in 1905 . He is called political father of Mahatma Gandhi. He was a congress leader in Moderate period.


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